Subsídio às Fiscalizações Públicas: Identificação dos Municípios com gastos discrepantes na Educação Básica

  • Renata Guanaes Machado Controladoria-Geral da União
Palavras-chave: Clusterização de municípios, Detecção de anomalias, Despesas públicas, Educação Básica

Resumo

Os gastos públicos devem ser constantemente monitorados pelos órgãos governamentais. Neste contexto, torna-se primordial a aplicação de tecnologia para a produção de informações estratégicas que apoiem ações de combate à corrupção e à má gestão dos recursos públicos. Com a disponibilização do Sistema de Informações sobre Orçamentos Públicos em Educação (SIOPE), o presente trabalho emprega técnicas de mineração de dados para a detecção de despesas atípicas no Ensino Fundamental, realizadas pelos municípios em 2018 – que podem constituir eventos ocasionais (como obras em escolas) ou representar indícios de irregularidades. Aplicou-se clusterização de municípios e algoritmos de detecção de anomalias em um grupo de municípios semelhantes. Os resultados alcançados (se o município é anômalo e seu grau de anomalia) podem ser agregados ao planejamento das ações de controle e, ainda, subsidiar a adoção de providências cabíveis por parte de demais instâncias, como o Ministério da Educação e conselhos de controle social. 

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Publicado
2022-03-02
Como Citar
Machado, R. G. (2022). Subsídio às Fiscalizações Públicas: Identificação dos Municípios com gastos discrepantes na Educação Básica. CADERNOS DE FINANÇAS PÚBLICAS , 22(01). https://doi.org/10.55532/1806-8944.2022.158