Situação Fiscal Local e a Resposta à Pandemia da COVID-19: Evidências para os municípios brasileiros

  • Rafael Barros Barbosa Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • Gerrio dos Santos Barbosa Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
  • Glauber Marques Nojosa Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • Daniel Tomaz de Sousa Universidade Federal do Ceará
Palavras-chave: Situação fiscal local, Pandemia da COVID-19, Bens-públicos

Resumo

Esta monografia investiga o efeito das condições fiscais locais sobre a mortalidade durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Por meio de um modelo de diferenças em diferenças, evidencia-se que municípios em melhor situação fiscal apresentam menor mortalidade durante a pandemia. Para entender tais resultados é apresentado um modelo teórico que sugere que a existência de espaço fiscal local permite que os prefeitos expandam a capacidade de atendimento hospitalar, reduzindo com isso a mortalidade durante a pandemia. Posteriormente, é analisado que municípios em melhor situação fiscal conseguem expandir o número de leitos, a quantidade de médicos e enfermeiros em relação aos municípios em piores condições fiscais. A situação fiscal local favorável permite também uma oferta de serviços de melhor qualidade para o tratamento da COVID-19. Tais resultados indicam que a capacidade fiscal contribuiu para mitigar os efeitos da pandemia da COVID-19, principalmente, pela expansão da capacidade de atendimento hospitalar.

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Publicado
2022-03-02
Como Citar
Barros Barbosa, R., Santos Barbosa, G., Marques Nojosa, G., & Tomaz de Sousa, D. (2022). Situação Fiscal Local e a Resposta à Pandemia da COVID-19: Evidências para os municípios brasileiros. CADERNOS DE FINANÇAS PÚBLICAS , 22(01). https://doi.org/10.55532/1806-8944.2022.156