The Conceptual Overlap Between Public Goods, Externalities And Merit Goods

  • João Rogério Sanson Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Resumo

Numa determinada situação, qualquer bem tem as características de rivalidade, exclusão, espaço e tempo. Essas duas últimas são variáveis físicas de posição no espaço e tempo. A rivalidade pode ser vista como uma qualidade física intrínseca de qualquer bem, aparecendo como rival ou não rival. A exclusão reflete o tratamento institucional da alocação de um bem e aparece como uma variável contínua que mede custos em termos de recursos produtivos para o cumprimento de normas de propriedade. Com essas duas características, a maioria dos bens pode ser classificada em uma economia de mercado, de bens privados puros a bens públicos puros, com um número infinito de casos intermediários. A posição no espaço está associada aos bens públicos locais. As externalidades podem ser consideradas como uma produção conjunta de bem rival e não rival. Finalmente, bens de mérito ou demérito podem ser vistos como uma forma de externalidade.

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Publicado
2020-09-15
Como Citar
Sanson, J. R. (2020). The Conceptual Overlap Between Public Goods, Externalities And Merit Goods. CADERNOS DE FINANÇAS PÚBLICAS, 20(02). Recuperado de https://publicacoes.tesouro.gov.br/index.php/cadernos/article/view/89