O efeito da emancipação de Municípios sobre as finanças públicas locais: Evidências para o Brasil

  • Ricardo Carvalho de Andrade Lima
  • Vittorio Maciel Boscheti Leite
Palavras-chave: Divisão municipal. Finanças Regionais. Federalismo Fiscal.

Resumo

O Brasil experimentou uma onda de criação de munícipios nos anos de 1990, onde, 1.016 administrações locais foram emancipadas. Evidências empíricas anteriores são inconclusivas a respeito dos ganhos de eficiência e bem-estar decorrentes desse processo de descentralização. Este trabalho tem como objetivo investigar as consequências das emancipações sobre diferentes características fiscais. Utiliza-se uma abordagem quase-experimental baseada no método de Diferenças-em-Diferenças e compara-se os munícipios emancipados com os que tentaram se emancipar e não conseguiram. Os resultados indicam um aumento dos gastos associados à manutenção da estrutura de governo e aos bens de capital, enquanto gastos sociais não sofreram um impacto significativo. Em relação à arrecadação local, não observamos mudanças na receita própria, mas houve aumento de recursos, oriundos de transferências intergovernamentais e de operações de crédito. Tais resultados sugerem que o choque de descentralização mudou a composição do gasto local e trouxe uma maior dependência fiscal para os governos locais.

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Publicado
2021-04-13
Como Citar
Carvalho de Andrade Lima , R., & Boscheti Leite, V. M. (2021). O efeito da emancipação de Municípios sobre as finanças públicas locais: Evidências para o Brasil. CADERNOS DE FINANÇAS PÚBLICAS , 21(1). Recuperado de https://publicacoes.tesouro.gov.br/index.php/cadernos/article/view/127